Experts recommend that biocompatible multi-chambered PD fluids which are low in glucose degradation products (GDP) should become the standard of care for children on PD6. Children dialyzed with biocompatible PD fluid show significant catch-up growth when compared to children on conventional solutions5.
The concentration of glucose degradation products (GDPs) differs considerably. balance show lowest levels of GDPs compared to other biocompatible PD fluids10.
Especially in children on dialysis it is not always easy to differentiate between a gain in weight because of growth or because of fluid overload.
This is where the BCM-Body Composition Monitor helps you to assess the individual hydration and nutritional status of your patient. The device is based on bioimpedance spectroscopy and gives you a clear picture over time of the child’s fluid status and how the lean and fat tissue mass have developed.
1 Fresenius Medical Care internal analysis
2 Warady BA, Morgenstern BZ, Alexander SR. Peritoneal Dialysis. In: Pediatric Nephrology by Avner ED et al. Publishers Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 5th edition, page 1375-94
3 Fischbach M, Issad B, Dubois V, Taamma R. The beneficial influence on the effectiveness of automated peritoneal dialysis of varying the dwell time (short/long) and fill volume (small/large): randomized controlled trial. Peritoneal Dialysis International 2011; 31(4):450-8.
4 Registry data from the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialyis Network (IPPN) 2007–2012 (unpublished).
5 Rees L, Azocar M, Borzych D, Watson AR, Büscher A, Edefonti A, Bilge I, Askenazi D, Leozappa G, Gonzales C, van Hoeck K, Secker D, Zurowska A, Rönnholm K, Bouts AHM, Stewart H, Ariceta G, Ranchin B, Warady BA, and Schaefer F, for the International Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Network (IPPN) registry. Growth in very young children undergoing chronic peritoneal dialysis. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2011; 22: 2303–2312.
6 Schmitt CP, Bakkaloglu SA, Klaus G, Schroeder C, Fischbach M: Solutions for peritoneal dialysis in children: recommendations by the European Pediatric Dialysis Working Group. Pediatric Nephrology 2011; 26(7):1137–47.
7 Feriani M, Kirchgessner J, La Greca G, Passlick-Deetjen J. Randomized long-term evaluation of bicarbonate-buffered CAPD solution. Kidney International 1998;54(5):1731-8.
8 Haas S, Schmitt CP, Arbeiter K, Bonzel KE, Fischbach M, John U, Pieper AK, Schaub TP, Passlick-Deetjen J, Mehls O, Schaefer F: Improved acidosis correction and recovery of mesothelial cell mass with neutral-pH bicarbonate dialysis solution among children undergoing automated peritoneal dialysis.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2003;14:2632–38.
9 Mortier S, De Vriese AS, Van de Voorde J, Schaub TP, Passlick-Deetjen J, Lameire NH. Hemodynamic effects of peritoneal dialysis solutions on the rat peritoneal membrane: role of acidity, buffer choice, glucose concentration, and glucose degradation products. J Am Soc Nephrol 2002;13(2):480-9. Erratum in: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2002;13(5):1419-22.
10 Himmele R, Jensen L, Fenn D, Ho C, Sawin D, Diaz–Buxo J. A new neutral-pH low-GDP peritoneal dialysis fluid. Peritoneal Dialysis International 2012;32(4):444-52.
11 Wieskotten S, Knobloch V, Wiemann K, Wabel P, Wühl E, Schäfer F. Use of the BCM—body composition monitor in children – establishing new reference ranges. Pediatric Nephrology 2008; 23:1571–719.