Worldwide more than 3,200,000 patients undergo dialysis because of chronic kidney failure.
The stage of ‘kidney failure’ is reached when both kidneys stop, or have almost stopped doing their normal work (with less than 15% of the kidney's normal functions remaining).
If kidney disease progresses to this stage, waste products from normal body functions and excess fluid (for example, from drinking) accumulate in the body. As a consequence, toxins and water must be removed from the body with a blood purification procedure. This procedure is what's called dialysis.
Chronic kidney failure is treatable. And there are three basic types of treatments available, depending on physical constitution and any underlying diseases: transplantation, hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis.
More about treatment options